Petroleum -- Future Use

The future of petroleum is not very bright because petroleum will run out someday. Since petroleum is nonrenewable, people need to find ways to conserve it. Petroleum discoveries cannot continue forever. People can't make new petroleum reserves. In fact, petroleum may run out in sixty through eighty years.

Ways to Conserve Petroleum

  • Carpooling

  • Using hybrids and electric cars

  • Use renewable sources of energy such as wind or solar power

  • Ride a bike

  • Mix petroleum with ethanol (a future technology)



research_bike.jpg
from bikesdirect.com

Future Technologies

The future of petroleum also depends on its future technologies. One new technology is 3-D and 4-D seismometers. 3-D and 4-D seismometers allow the seismometers to record shock waves altered by passing through rock layers in 3-D and 4-D. Another future technology is satellites. Satellites show a map of the Earth's gravitational force based on satellite
satellite_petroleum_pic.jpg
Satellite from ehow.com
measurements makes it much less resource intensive to find new petroleum deposits. Nano reporters are also a main technology for finding petroleum. Nano reporters are little robots that can improve the odds on drilling. Nano reporters can also cut down on costs and infiltrate spores in reservoirs and gather important information.

Want to learn more about nanoreporters?

Click here to learn more.

oil_satellite_arrangement.gif
satellite showing where oil can be found from www.phys.org

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Ethanol

Ethanol is one of the main future technologies for petroleum. It comes from renewable crops that are grown on American fields. Mixing 85% ethanol with 15% gas creates E85 ethanol. E85 ethanol can also help stretch the world's supply of petroleum. E85 ethanol can expand markets for U.S. crop
e85_ethanol.jpg
from howstuffworks.com
s. Consequently, ethanol products distract corn that could be used to feed animals and people, thus shrinking the supply of corn. On the other hand, ethanol eases the nation's trade imbalance and cuts down tax dollars, but it takes $30,000 to convert petroleum pipes to E85 ethanol pipes. However, it takes more energy to produce ethanol than it yields. Burning E85 ethanol can create more chemicals that create smog and threaten an increase in respiratory illnesses.

Want to learn more about ethanol?

click here to learn more

Since oil is going to run out some day, people should probably use less petroleum and more renewable energy source such as solar.




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