Nuclear -- History


Nuclear energy has not been used for a very long time compared to the other energy resources. It is the newest energy source.



Enrico Fermi from nobelprize.org
Enrico Fermi from nobelprize.org

Nuclear History From 1789 - 1982

1789

A German Chemist named Martin Heinrich Klaproth discovered uranium

1896

Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity

1919

Ernest Rutherford discovered nuclear fission

1930's

Scientists discovered that the nucleus of an atom can be split apart with a neutron

1938

Enrico Fermi was the first to split a uranium atom

1940's

The first atom-splitter was built in Hanford, Washington

1942

Enrico Fermi produced the first controlled chain reaction

1954

The first nuclear power plant was built in Obininsk, Russia

1954

The first nuclear powered submarine (the USS Nautilus) was launched

1955

The nuclear reactor was patented by Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard

1955

Arco, Idaho became the first U.S. town to be powered by nuclear energy

1956

The first commercial nuclear power plant was built in Great Britain

1957

The first nuclear power plant was built in the United States

1959

The first privately funded nuclear power plant, named the Dresden Nuclear Power Station began to operate

1979

In Pennsylvania, at the Three Mile Island facility, the facilities top half of the uranium fuel rods (the rods that hold uranium fuel) melted and a small amount of radioactive material was released


1982 U.S. Congress passed the Nuclear Waste Policy Act Table By: Caden






In 1986, the Ukraine Chernobyl Power Plant explosions took the top off of it's reactor building and spread radioactive waste. At least 100,000 people had to evacuate their homes, 200 workers were treated for radioactive sickness and 31 people died immediately (also in later years there were birth defects in the ecosystem including humans).

Chernobyl Power Plant after the explosions from boston.com
Chernobyl Power Plant after the explosions from boston.com


Chernobyl Power Plant before explosions from Googleimages
Chernobyl Power Plant before explosions from Googleimages

Chernobyl Power Plant while the explosions from lightmillenium.org
Chernobyl Power Plant while the explosions from lightmillenium.org














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In 1990, 55% of the world's uranium mining was underground. Then, in 1999, 33% of the world's uranium mining was underground. Congress and the president approved Yucca Mountain Repository in 2002. The repository was supposed to be a geological repository for spent nuclear fuel and high level radioactive waste. In 2010, only 28% of the world's uranium mining was underground. People have harnessed nuclear energy from the atom for over 50 years in the United States.

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